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Java中关于selenium处理极验滑动验证码的示例

来源:互联网 作者:佚名 时间:2018-01-12 10:34
本篇文章主要介绍了Java selenium处理极验滑动验证码示例,小编觉得挺不错的,现在分享给大家,也给大家做个参考。一起跟随小编过来看看吧 要爬取一个网站遇到了极验的验证码,这周都在想着怎么破解这个,网上搜了好多知乎上看到有人问了这问题,我按照这思路
本篇文章主要介绍了Java selenium处理极验滑动验证码示例,小编觉得挺不错的,现在分享给大家,也给大家做个参考。一起跟随小编过来看看吧

要爬取一个网站遇到了极验的验证码,这周都在想着怎么破解这个,网上搜了好多知乎上看到有人问了这问题,我按照这思路去大概实现了一下。

1.使用htmlunit(这种方式我没成功,模拟鼠标拖拽后轨迹没生成,可以跳过)

我用的是java,我首先先想到了用直接用htmlunit,我做了点初始化


private void initWebClient() {
    if (webClient != null) {
      return;
    }
    webClient = new WebClient(BrowserVersion.FIREFOX_24);
     webClient.getOptions().setProxyConfig(new ProxyConfig("127.0.0.1",8888));
    webClient.getOptions().setActiveXNative(true);
    webClient.getOptions().setUseInsecureSSL(true); // 配置证书
    webClient.getOptions().setJavaScriptEnabled(true);
    webClient.getOptions().setCssEnabled(true);
    webClient.setCssErrorHandler(new SilentCssErrorHandler());
    webClient.getOptions().setThrowExceptionOnScriptError(false);
    webClient.getOptions().setThrowExceptionOnFailingStatusCode(false);
    CookieManager cookieManager = new CookieManager();
    List<org.apache.http.cookie.Cookie> httpCookies = client.getCookies();//其方式获取的cookie
    for (org.apache.http.cookie.Cookie cookie : httpCookies) {
      cookieManager.addCookie(new com.gargoylesoftware.htmlunit.util.Cookie(cookie));
    }
    webClient.setCookieManager(cookieManager);
  }

初始化代理,cookie..然后就能正常调用了


HtmlPage page = webClient.getPage("http://www.qixin.com/login");//企信宝
gePageInfor(page);

下面就是我获取图片,还原图片并且模拟拖拽,(这里我觉得是有些问题的,可能是拖拽我模拟的不对导致触发的js并没有生成正确的轨迹,还请大家帮忙看看哪里错了)


private void gePageInfor(HtmlPage page) {
    String[] img_slice={"p", "class", "gt_cut_fullbg_slice"};
    String[] img_bg_slice={"p", "class", "gt_cut_bg_slice"};
    Htmlpision p = (Htmlpision) page.getElementById("captcha");
    int deCAPTCHA = 0;
    try {
      byte[] img_slice_binary = client.get(getImgUrl(img_slice, p, true)).getBinary();//获取图片byte
      byte[] img_bg_slice_binary = client.get(getImgUrl(img_bg_slice, p, false)).getBinary();
      //获取还原后的图片
      BufferedImage geetestImg = ImgTest.getGeetestImg(img_slice_binary, ImgTest.imgArray);
      BufferedImage geetestImg2 = ImgTest.getGeetestImg(img_bg_slice_binary, ImgTest.imgArray);
      //获得图片移动位置(目前还有问题,需改用第三方图片识别)
      deCAPTCHA =ImgTest.deCAPTCHA(geetestImg,geetestImg2);
      System.out.println(deCAPTCHA);
    } catch (IOException | FetchException e) {
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
    Htmlpision p_slider_knob = get_p_slider_knob(page,"gt_slider_knob gt_show");//获取要移动p
    HtmlPage mouseOver = (HtmlPage) p_slider_knob.mouseOver();
    HtmlPage mouseDownPage = (HtmlPage)p_slider_knob.mouseDown();
    p_slider_knob = get_p_slider_knob(mouseDownPage,"gt_slider_knob gt_show moving");
    mouseMoveX(deCAPTCHA, p_slider_knob, mouseDownPage);
    HtmlPage newPage =(HtmlPage)p_slider_knob.mouseOver();
//    newPage =(HtmlPage)p_slider_knob.mouseDown();
    System.out.println(newPage.asXml());
    p = (Htmlpision)newPage.getElementById("captcha");
    HtmlElement htmlElement = p.getElementsByAttribute("p", "class", "gt_slice gt_show moving").get(0);
    System.out.println(htmlElement);
    newPage =(HtmlPage)p_slider_knob.mouseUp();//触发js,轨迹没有生成
    System.out.println("---------------");
    System.out.println(newPage.asXml());    
    if (newPage.getElementById("captcha")!=null) {//错误重试
      //gePageInfor(newPage);
    }
  }

  private void mouseMoveX(int deCAPTCHA, Htmlpision p_slider_knob, HtmlPage mouseDown) {
    MouseEvent mouseEvent = new MouseEvent(p_slider_knob, MouseEvent.TYPE_MOUSE_MOVE, false, false, false, MouseEvent.BUTTON_LEFT);
    mouseEvent.setClientX( mouseEvent.getClientX()+((deCAPTCHA!=0)?deCAPTCHA:99));  //移动x坐标
    ScriptResult scriptResult = mouseDown.getDocumentElement().fireEvent(mouseEvent);
  }
  private Htmlpision get_p_slider_knob(HtmlPage page,String classString) {
    return (Htmlpision)(((Htmlpision) page.getElementById("captcha")).getElementsByAttribute("p", "class", classString).get(0));
  }

  private String getImgUrl(String[] img_slice, Htmlpision p, boolean isNeedCheckPostion) {
    String url ="";
    int[] postion = new int[2];
    boolean empty = p.getElementsByAttribute(img_slice[0],img_slice[1],img_slice[2]).isEmpty();
    if (p.hasChildNodes() && !empty) {
      List<HtmlElement> elementsByAttribute = p.getElementsByAttribute(img_slice[0],img_slice[1],img_slice[2]);  
      for(int i = 0;i<elementsByAttribute.size();i++){
        Htmlpision p_img = (Htmlpision)elementsByAttribute.get(i);
        String style = p_img.getAttribute("style");
        String[] imge_url_position = style.split(";");
        if(StringUtils.isBlank(url)){//确认url
          url = StringUtils.replacePattern(imge_url_position[0], ".*\\(", "").replace(")", "");
        }
        if (isNeedCheckPostion) {//确认图片切割postion,两张图切割方式一样 background-position: -157px -58px
//          String[] positionS = StringUtils.split(StringUtils.remove(imge_url_position[1], "px").replace("-", "").replaceAll(".*:", ""), null);
          String[] positionS = StringUtils.split(StringUtils.removePattern(imge_url_position[1], "[^\\d+ \\s]"),null);
          postion[0] = Integer.parseInt(positionS[0]);
          postion[1] = Integer.parseInt(positionS[1]);
          int[] is = ImgTest.imgArray[i];
          if (is[0]!=postion[0]||is[1]!=postion[1]) {
            logger.debug("更新分割postion");
            ImgTest.imgArray[i] = postion;
          }
          System.out.println(ImgTest.imgArray);
          isNeedCheckPostion= false;
        }
      }
    }
    return url;
  }

对比图片获取位移方法(deCAPTCHA)是错的我就不放代码了,下面是其中还原图片用的方法,目前是其实审查元素后你就明白怎么还原这个图片了,这里是每次读的10px,58px


public static BufferedImage getGeetestImg(byte[] binary, int[][] imgArray) throws IOException {
    BufferedImage img = ImageIO.read(new ByteArrayInputStream(binary));
    List<BufferedImage> list = new ArrayList<>();
    for (int i=0;i< imgArray.length;i++) {  
      BufferedImage subimage = img.getSubimage(imgArray[i][0], imgArray[i][1], 10, 58);
      list.add(subimage);
//      ImageIO.write(subimage, "jpg", new File("d:\\image\\imgs"+i+".jpg"));
    }
    BufferedImage mergeImageUp = null;
    BufferedImage mergeImageDown = null;
    int mid = list.size()>>>1;
    for (int i = 0; i <mid-1 ; i++) {
      mergeImageUp = mergeImage(mergeImageUp==null?list.get(i):mergeImageUp, list.get(i+1), true);        
    }
    for(int i = mid;i<list.size()-1;i++){
      mergeImageDown = mergeImage(mergeImageDown==null?list.get(i):mergeImageDown,list.get(i+1), true);
    }
    img = mergeImage(mergeImageUp, mergeImageDown, false);
    return img;
  }
   public static BufferedImage mergeImage(BufferedImage img1,
        BufferedImage img2, boolean isHorizontal) throws IOException {
      int w1 = img1.getWidth();
      int h1 = img1.getHeight();
      int w2 = img2.getWidth();
      int h2 = img2.getHeight();
      // 从图片中读取RGB
      int[] ImageArrayOne = new int[w1 * h1];
      ImageArrayOne = img1.getRGB(0, 0, w1, h1, ImageArrayOne, 0, w1); // 逐行扫描图像中各个像素的RGB到数组中
      int[] ImageArrayTwo = new int[w2 * h2];
      ImageArrayTwo = img2.getRGB(0, 0, w2, h2, ImageArrayTwo, 0, w2);

      // 生成新图片
      BufferedImage DestImage = null;
      if (isHorizontal) { // 水平方向合并
        DestImage = new BufferedImage(w1+w2, h1, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);
        DestImage.setRGB(0, 0, w1, h1, ImageArrayOne, 0, w1); // 设置上半部分或左半部分的RGB
        DestImage.setRGB(w1, 0, w2, h2, ImageArrayTwo, 0, w2);
      } else { // 垂直方向合并
        DestImage = new BufferedImage(w1, h1 + h2,
            BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);
        DestImage.setRGB(0, 0, w1, h1, ImageArrayOne, 0, w1); // 设置上半部分或左半部分的RGB
        DestImage.setRGB(0, h1, w2, h2, ImageArrayTwo, 0, w2); // 设置下半部分的RGB
      }

      return DestImage;
    }

2.使用selenium

后来我想着是我模拟鼠标这个动作哪里有问题,我就又找到了selenium(2.42.2),他也能操作htmlunit关键他的鼠标动作好像封装比较完全

但是我尝试了以后发现了这个,HtmlUnitMouse这个动作没有实现


 public void mouseMove(Coordinates where, long xOffset, long yOffset) {
  throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Moving to arbitrary X,Y coordinates not supported.");
 }

好吧,于是调用chrome吧


System.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver","C:\\chromedriver.exe");
    Proxy proxy = new Proxy(); 
    //设置代理服务器地址 
    proxy.setHttpProxy("127.0.0.1:8888"); 
//    DesiredCapabilities capabilities = DesiredCapabilities.htmlUnitWithJs();
    DesiredCapabilities capabilities = DesiredCapabilities.chrome(); 
    capabilities.setCapability(CapabilityType.PROXY, proxy);
//    final WebDriver driver = new HtmlUnitDriver(capabilities);   
    WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver(capabilities);
    driver.get("http://www.qixin.com/login");
    driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(10, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
     checkPage(driver,"return $('.gt_cut_fullbg_slice');");
    // 获取 网页的 title
    System.out.println("1 Page title is: " + driver.getTitle());
    // 通过 id 找到 input 的 DOM
    String pageSource = driver.getPageSource();
    System.out.println(pageSource);
    org.openqa.selenium.JavascriptExecutor executor = (org.openqa.selenium.JavascriptExecutor)driver;
    boolean equals = executor.executeScript("return document.readyState").equals("complete");
    int moveX =99;//移动位置
    if (equals) {
      WebElement element = driver.findElement(By.className("gt_slider_knob"));//(".gt_slider_knob"));
      Point location = element.getLocation();
      element.getSize();
      Actions action = new Actions(driver); 
      //       action.clickAndHold().perform();// 鼠标在当前位置点击后不释放
//       action.clickAndHold(element).perform();// 鼠标在 onElement 元素的位置点击后不释放
//       action.clickAndHold(element).moveByOffset(location.x+99,location.y).release().perform(); //选中source元素->拖放到(xOffset,yOffset)位置->释放左键
       action.dragAndDropBy(element, location.x+moveX,location.y).perform();
//      action.dragAndDrop(element,newelement).perform();
      pageSource = driver.getPageSource();
    }
    //更新cookie
    Set<org.openqa.selenium.Cookie> cookies = driver.manage().getCookies();
    Set<Cookie> cookies2 = new HashSet<>();
    for (org.openqa.selenium.Cookie cookie : cookies) {
      cookies2.add((Cookie) new Cookie(cookie.getDomain(), cookie.getName(), cookie.getValue(), cookie.getPath(), cookie.getExpiry(), true));
    }
    for (Cookie cookie : cookies2) {
      org.apache.http.cookie.Cookie httpClient = cookie.toHttpClient();
    }
    System.out.println(pageSource);

这样提交的表单确实是有轨迹的,这里移动位置我先写了个固定值,可以由上面图片还原,以及一些开源的图片识别工具识别出位置。以上应该就能解决这个滑动验证码了

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